[PATCH v3 2/3] The -z and -Z options print only successful and failing syscalls respectively. However, failure of syscall is only known after syscall return. Thus, we end up with something like this on, e.g., ENOENT:
paul.chaignon at gmail.com
Sun Jun 2 20:42:01 UTC 2019
On Wed, May 22, 2019 at 12:13 PM Dmitry V. Levin <ldv at altlinux.org> wrote:
> On Mon, May 13, 2019 at 04:00:31PM +0000, Kohl, Burkhard wrote:
> > > > diff --git a/strace.1.in b/strace.1.in index 76a74119..6ab95836 100644
> > > > --- a/strace.1.in
> > > > +++ b/strace.1.in
> > > > @@ -771,6 +771,13 @@ Print unabbreviated versions of environment, stat, termios, etc.
> > > > calls. These structures are very common in calls and so the default
> > > > behavior displays a reasonable subset of structure members. Use this
> > > > option to get all of the gory details.
> > > > +.TP
> > > > +.B \-z
> > > > +Print successful syscalls only.
> > >
> > > It might be better to be precise here regarding what we mean by "successful" exactly. Maybe "Print only
> > > syscalls that did not return an error code"?
> > Seems there are 3 possible outcomes for a syscall:
> > - zero/successful
> > - non-zero/not successful
> > - void
> Strictly speaking, there are more than 3 possible outcomes for a syscall:
> - syscall returns with an error
> - syscall returns without an error
> - syscall returns but strace fails to fetch error status (see e.g. <unavailable>)
> - syscall does not return because of PTRACE_EVENT_EXIT (see print_event_exit)
> - syscall does not return because of process disappearance (e.g. due to execve in a neighbour thread)
Wouldn't execve in a neightbour thread result in PTRACE_EVENT_EXIT? Are
the exited and unfinished cases really different?
It looks like PTRACE_O_TRACEEXIT is set in all cases (both PTRACE_SEIZE
and PTRACE_ATTACH), so when a neighbour thread does an execve, the tracee
thread should be torn down and stopped with PTRACE_EVENT_EXIT before
actual death. What am I missing?
> - strace detaches after entering syscall
> I'm inclined to think that -z/-Z options are not versatile enough
> to cover this diversity.
> Should we implement a more flexible syntax instead?
> For example, we could have a traditional -e qualifier=set syntax,
> where set is a subset of
> all, successful, failed, exited, unavailable, unfinished, detached.
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